Alan Warner’s The Door To Yesterday. Vol. 4, No. 6. Copyright 2019

 

 

The Dooir To Yesterday. Lyric Not Always Required. The world of Scat Singing. Alan Warner. 2019

Scat singing is the improvisation of wordless, nonsensical vocals, a technique 

that particularly grew in this country in the early 1900’s and was advanced primarily by jazz 

and jazz-influenced performers. 


Impromptu vocalising on the melody can also be the use of syllables that imitate instruments.
I’d obviously heard the style on record but I remember first being fully aware of scat singing during

 an Ella Fitzgerald concert I attended at London’s Royal Albert Hall around 1969.

 As in all her performances, the magnificent Ella skillfully enunciated the lyrics of 

each and every ballad drawn principally from the Great American Songbook. 

Then suddenly, she injected an enticing group of wordless phrases. 


To illustrate her celebrated dexterity in this style, here are YouTube links 

to two of her concert performances of songs she regularly featured in her live appearances; 

firstly, here’s her 1960 version of the 1940 Morgan Lewis/Nancy Hamilton ballad HOW HIGH THE MOON.
Recorded in Berlin, Germany and supported by The Paul Smith Quartet, Ella initially sang the song’s

 original lyric and then, fifty seconds in, Paul’s drummer Gus Johnson upped the tempo 

and Ella took off on a cavalcade of her trademark rhythmic scat vocals.

 https://youtu.be/iR1__k-BxhY



 

 

Ella Fitzgerald. Scat Singing. The Door To Yesterday. Alan Warner. 2019.

Secondly. here’s an example of Ella scatting at intervals during a song that Sam Coslow wrote 

for and which was introduced by Martha Raye in the 1936 Paramount film “Rhythm On The Range”. 

Titled (IF YOU CAN’T SING IT) YOU’LL HAVE TO SWING IT, it’s alternatively known as MR. PAGANINI

The song became particularly associated with Ella after she sang it on the 1936 Decca version 

by Chick Webb & His Orchestra and then at different times over the years.


Here’s a standout live performance by Ella recorded at the Crescendo Club in Hollywood in 1961. 

To be specific, you can hear her scatting at 0:59, 1:27, 2:23, 2:43, 3:02 & 3:21: 

https://youtu.be/Gn99AUQbnQo


In the aforementioned sequence in “Rhythm On The Range”, Martha Raye was supported 

by Bob Burns, The Sons Of The Pioneers and also trumpeter/singer Louis Prima

Decades later in Disney’s 1967 animated film “The Jungle Book”, the very same Mr. Prima 

in character as the voice of King Louie scatted along with Phil Harris as Baloo The Bear 

on Richard & Robert Sherman’s song I WAN’NA BE LIKE YOU. 


 Scatting was not always only performed by jazz musicians. 

For example, David Lee Roth injected some rhythmic vocal patter in his 

JUST A GIGOLO/I AIN’T GOT NOBODY hit in ’85 

and Amy Winehouse scatted in her song KNOW YOU NOW on her debut album in 2003. 

In addition, even Al Jolson could be heard scatting in one of his early recordings.


Of course, nonsense phrases are nothing new in pop, rock’n’roll and doo-wop such as 

Sha na na na, sha na na na na na” in GET A JOB by The Silhouettes in ’58 

and RAMA LAMA DING DONG by The Edsels in ’61. 


This trend was satirized by Barry Mann & Gerry Goffin 

in Barry’s 1961 hit WHO PUT THE BOMP (In The Bomp, Bomp, Bomp).

 

 

 

Cab Calloway. The Door To Yesterday. Alan Awarner. 2019. Scat Singing.

In scat terms, 1930’s Cotton Club jazz singer/bandleader 

Cab Calloway created some of his own jive language 

as in the ‘entrancing phraseZAZ ZUH ZAZ 

and the very memorable

Hi-dee hi-dee hi-dee hi’ chorus

 in his signature song MINNIE THE MOOCHER.


Another of my personal favorite scat songs is MUMBLES

a piece of vocal hokum dreamed up by the highly 

respected jazz trumpeter Clark Terry. He recorded it 

with the Oscar Peterson Trio on Mercury in 1964. 

Sample it here:  

https://youtu.be/Z3Z6OJBYuDI

Aretha Franklin ‘ Sweet Passion”. Alan Warner. The Door To Yesterday. 2019.

In 1977, on her Lamont Dozier co-produced Atlantic album “Sweet Passion”, Aretha Franklin delivered an exhilarating performance of MUMBLES for which she used Bias Boshell’s I’VE GOT THE MUSIC IN ME as an intro.  https://youtu.be/P_8bNBPjrFk


It’s possible to discover all kinds of scat intonations throughout the history of recorded music. 

For instance, Louis Armstrong’s 1926 track 

HEEBIE JEEBIES (see in my list below) is generally regarded as a key early exponent of the style 

and a further example from that same decade 

was the recording of MISSISSIPPI MUD 

by Paul Whiteman & His Orchestra

 featuring the Original Rhythm Boys

 who were Bing Crosby, Harry Barris and Al Rinker

Barris co-wrote the song and provided the scat vocal. 

Slim Gailliard. Alan Warner. The Door To Yesterday. Scat Singing. 2019.

Pianist/guitarist Slim Gaillard (above) invented his own scat language which he called ‘Vout’. 

His most famous song was CEMENT MIXER (Put-Ti, Put-Ti) recorded for Cadet in 1946;

 its lyric included an example of his language

 ‘A puddle o'vooty, puddle o'gooty, puddle o'scooty’

Listen to it here:

 https://youtu.be/bSOn5gQFDpE   

(One of Slim Gaillard’s children was Janis Hunter, Marvin Gaye’s second wife)


In addition to Ella Fitzgerald, Louis Armstrong and Cab Calloway

other key role models of scat singing included Sarah Vaughan, Anita O’Day,

 Sammy Davis Jr., Mel Tormé and the triple threat:Lambert, Hendricks & Ross.

Here are a small group of the countless vintage recordings

 which included scat performances and inflections…


CREOLE LOVE CALL 

(Duke Ellington/James ‘Bubba’ Miley/Rudy Jackson) 

by Duke Ellington & His Orchestra

Vocal: Adelaide Hall 

(Victor: 1927)

 https://youtu.be/AfAHP5mAAOw

  

Brooklyn-born Adelaide Hall lived and recorded in Britain from the late 30’s onwards. 
DESERT BLUES (Big Chief Buffalo Nickel)

(Jimmie Rodgers) 

by Leon Redbone

Pro: Joel Dorn 

(Warner Bros: 1975)

 https://youtu.be/9y4DdfXa6U0

Written in 1929 by country pioneer Jimmie Rodgers.


DINAH 

(Sam M. Lewis/Joe Young/Harry Akst)

 by Bing Crosby & The Mills Brothers

 (Brunswick: 1931)

 https://youtu.be/GvMbnb0gSbI 

A major hit in early ’32.

Louis Armstrong. The Door To Yesterday. 2019. Alan Warner. Scat Singing.

HEEBIE JEEBIES 

(Boyd Atkins) 

by Louis Armstrong & His Hot Five

Vocal: Louis Armstrong

(OKeh: 1926)

 https://youtu.be/ksmGt2U-xTE  


TAKE FIVE 

(Paul Desmond) 

by Al Jarreau

Pro:Al Schmitt & Tommy Lipuma 

(Warner Bros: 1977)

https://youtu.be/39xsZu_IRrM 

From his “Look To The Rainbow/Live In Europe” album


I GOT RHYTHM

 (George Gershwin/Ira Gershwin) 

by Ethel Waters 

(Columbia: 1931) 

https://youtu.be/lgIS1ZVa98c


IT DON’T MEAN A THING (If It Ain’t Got That Swing)

 (Duke Ellington/Irving Mills)

 by The Boswell Sisters w/The Dorsey Brothers Orchestra 

(Brunswick: 1933) 

https://youtu.be/-t0dX3l68Hc


NAGASAKI (Harry Warren/Mort Dixon) by Gene Krupa & His Orchestra/Vocal: Leo Watson(Brunswick: 1938) https://youtu.be/64_5vsWsc4k 


 Alongside Louis Armstrong, 

Leo Watson was another early exponent of scat vocalizing, 

recording also with Artie Shaw and Slim Gaillard.

image58

SASSY’S BLUES 

(Sarah Vaughan/Quincy Jones) 

by Sarah Vaughan w/The Kirk Stuart Trio 

(Mercury: 1963)  https://youtu.be/NPwrlaShdPc   Recorded live at the Tivoli Club in Copenhagen, Denmark.


ZAZ ZUH ZAZ 

(Cab Calloway/Harry White)

 by Cab Calloway & His Cotton Club Orchestra 

(Victor: 1934)

 https://youtu.be/NLYa7Vf17bo


As in all my postings,the recordings listed above are personal choices and recommendations 

and are in no way intended as definitive collections of the genre.

Rock on.

Alan Warner

© Alan Warner, 2019. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this site’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Alan Warner with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.